Comparison Between PTI Versus PML-N |Nawaz Shareef VS Imran Khan| 2022


Pakistan, since its development has been wobbling by temporary democracies and protracted martial laws. These temporary regimes never enabled the country to stabilize. With heightened debts loaded on the backbone of the economy, the country has been struggling hard to regain its resilience.

PML-N government lasted for 10 years, 2 months, and 2 days. Nawaz Sharif had been in the office four times and Shahid Khaqan Abbasi had been in the department once.

However, PTI has been in power for the last two years.

When comparing the regimes of both political parties, there is a tremendous distinction in the way of controlling office, laws enforced and policies adopted.

The major concern for the PML-N government was infrastructure, transportation, electricity generation, and a nominal emphasis on education. However, Imran's khan focus is entirely different, with an inflection on Foreign Relations, Tourism, Kashmir Issue, Education, Technology, Paying off debts, and Health.

The following are some of the primary aspects which clarify the differences between the two governments.

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1.      Economy/Inflation

If we compare the monetary climate in both regimes, the PML-N government can be recapped as a period of improved per capita GDP, increased tax revenues, a flourishing stock market, and higher enterprises.

However, it is quite contradictory to the economic atmosphere that has been prevailing since 2018.

Per capita GDP has subsided drastically (negative in the second year of the PTI regime), with mounting inflation and low economic growth.

Considering economic growth, was extremely stagnant when PML-N held office in 2013. In the first year of the Nawaz Sharif regime, the growth went from 3% to 4%, ending at 5.8% at the end of the tenure of PML-N.

However, it wasn’t so solidified for longer. In the first year of the PTI regime, the growth collapsed from 5.8% to 1.9%. The worst was yet to come in the second year although the country wasn’t yet hit by the pernicious pandemic. The growth declined from 1.9% to -0.4%. Regardless, it has balanced much and in the first month of 2021, it has already increased to 1.02% and it is expected that it may rise to 4.05% at the end of 2021.

So, Imran Khan has more potential to score better at end of his regime in terms of economic growth.

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2.      Employment:

Although, in his first oration to the nation, Imran Khan promised to award them 10 million jobs in his five years of government. However, two years had already departed with people constantly losing their jobs.

In the Nawaz Sharif government, the circumstances were not much satisfactory as far as employment is concerned. However, it was still better than PTI’s oasis of employment.

The unemployment rate which was 5.8% since 2018 has risen to 8.53% in the first two years of the current government.

Not only this but one of the beloved jobs of youth, government jobs have been restrained by the PTI’s government.


3.      Tourism

When we compare the efforts made to facilitate tourism in Pakistan, little observation was made by Nawaz Sharif and his ministers to the tourism industry.

In 2013, the contribution of tourism to Pakistan's economy was 5.37% which declined to -1.85% in Nawaz’s first year.

At the end of Nawaz's dominion, however, it augmented a little to 2.9%.

On the other hand, Imran Khan made substantial exertions to promote tourism in the country. These efforts consequently invested PRs.  1 trillion (US$ 6.2 billion) contributing 7.1% of GDP in 2020.

These measures also augmented the foreign image of Pakistan. The evidence witnessed is:

        Pakistan was ranked as the number 1 country to visit in 2020 by a US travel magazine.

        Lahore has been declared among 52 cities to visit by NYT.

4.      Poverty

As far as destitution is concerned, it was never present since the development of Pakistan as it had been observed now. However, there is no empirical data on comparison between the poverty in PML-N and PTI regimes. But independent data infers that more than 10 million people have been pushed below the poverty line since Imran Khan came to office.

But Imran Khan alone can’t be held accountable for this poverty. Let us not forget the pandemic that has also shattered the economy and devastated the business industry.

5.      Kashmir Issue

Ever since Pakistan’s establishment, neither prime minister had raised a voice on the Kashmir problem as Prime minister Imran khan. uplifting has been lifting this issue since he came into power. And this uplifting of this special cause had also some success.

In United Nations in his speech, Imran khan held his stance with integrity with complete details of atrocities of the Indian army in Kashmir. He also mentioned the injustices faced by Kashmiri leaders.

He also brought light on Indian involvement in Pakistan by citing RAW agent Kulbhushan Yadav and an Indian pilot (Abhinandan Varthiman) whose plane was shot down by Pakistan’s air force.

PM Imran Khan was admired for his concern about climate and global warming by the entire world. And delivering a speech without holding a page in his hand was honored by the inclusive nation.

6.      Infrastructure

Infrastructure is considered the spine of every country’s economy.

Nawaz Sharif has triumphed over Imran khan in this race. The PML-N government embedded the country with a world-class network of motorways across the entire country in certificate time.

 However, the railway was at its worst in the Nawaz Sharif regime but the circumstances have modified a bit with the drop in net operating loss in Imran khan's government under the supervision of Sheikh Rasheed.

7.      Electricity Generation

The electricity generating capacity of Pakistan has shown a little betterment when comparing both governments.

From 29944 MW production in 2017, it has swelled to 38719 MW as of June 2020.

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 From the analysis above, it seems that both governments have tried to accomplish their priorities.

 But it must be too soon to formulate an opinion on the stance that which government had been best. Still, two years of Imran khan's regime are remaining (if allowed to complete his tenure).

Let us play a role in the betterment of this country. So that one day we might be able to answer the impossible question,

What we have given to our country in return for the blessings it bestowed us with?

This article is produced by Syeda Rabia Batool Naqvi, one of the contributors to the School of Literature. Join SOL Team here.

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